The liver is a vital organ in the body that performs numerous tasks related to waste detoxification, metabolism, and energy storage. Your liver helps your body convert food into energy and store it until needed. It will also filter toxic substances from your bloodstream. Liver problems are caused by factors like obesity, alcohol use, and even viruses. 

What is Liver Disease?

Liver disease is also known as hepatic disease, which refers to the disturbance of liver function that leads to illness. The liver is responsible for several roles within the body, and when it gets injured, there will be significant damage to the body. 

What is Liver Disease? | Idaho Digestive Health Institute

What Are the Symptoms of Liver Disease?

The signs and symptoms of liver disease depend on the type of liver disease present. Some symptoms of liver disease include:

  • Jaundice
  • Nausea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dark urine color
  • Vomiting
  • Easy bruising
  • Tar-colored stool
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • Swelling in legs and ankles

What Are the Risk Factors for Liver Disease?

Here are some risk factors for liver disease.

  • Heavy Alcohol Use: Alcoholic fatty liver causes liver inflammation. Risk is increased for women who have two drinks per day and men who have four drinks per day. Your liver will already be damaged when you start showing the symptoms. Luckily, the condition may reverse when you stop drinking at the fatty liver stage. 
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  • Obesity: Being overweight to the point of obesity can cause non-alcoholic liver disease, leading to liver cancer and cirrhosis. To avoid getting such conditions cut out simple carbohydrates such as sugar and bread from your diet. Eat more protein, fruits, and vegetables. 
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Unprotected Sex
  • Family History: If any of your family members have a history of liver disease, you have a higher chance of getting the liver condition
  • Exposure to Certain Toxins

What Treatments Are Recommended for Liver Disease and How Do They Help?

The treatment for liver disease will depend on your diagnosis. Some problems can be addressed with lifestyle changes, such as losing weight and stopping alcohol use. Others will require surgery. Most liver diseases are chronic and will last for years. However, some lifestyle changes may keep the symptoms away. They include:

  • Maintaining healthy weight
  • Limiting alcohol
  • Healthy diet
  • Drinking plenty of water

 Depending on your condition, you may need medical treatment like:

  • Steroids for reducing liver inflammation
  • Antiviral drugs for treating hepatitis
  • Medications for itchy skin
  • Blood pressure medication
  • Antibiotics

Severe liver disease requires removing part of the liver through surgery. A liver transplant is always the last resort when other options are unsuccessful. 

What Treatments Are Recommended for Liver Disease and How Do They Help?

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