Treatment for Constipation
Your doctor may recommend the following course of action to help relieve your constipation:
Lifestyle changes: these can include increasing your fiber intake. You can do this by slowly adding more fresh fruit and vegetables to your diet. Exercise can help increase activity in your intestinal tract to help move the stool along. Finally, don't ever hold a bowel movement by fighting the urge to have a bowel movement.
Laxatives: You need to be very careful with this one. While they all have the same goal, each one is different. Fiber supplements such as Metamucil or Citrucel are good stool softeners. Stimulant laxatives such as Correcol or Dulcolax will help your intestine contract. Stool softeners such as Colace will help get the missing moisture back into your stool by pulling water from the intestines. Enemas and suppositories can work quickly by lubricating the intestines.
Biofeedback: This treatment will help you learn how to retrain your pelvic muscles. When you can relax the pelvic floor muscles, it can help you pass stool more easily.
Surgery: In severe cases, or in cases where constipation is chronic or caused by a blockage or stricture, surgery may be indicated. This may also be indicated in people with extremely slow motility, which is the slow movement of stool through the colon. When this type of surgery is indicated, the surgeon will remove a part of the colon.
Treatment for Diverticular Disease
As previously mentioned, since most of the western population will eventually develop diverticulosis, there is little to treat when it comes to diverticular disease. When it comes to diverticulitis, things are very different.
Treatment for Diverticulitis depends on whether it is uncomplicated or complicated.
Treatment for uncomplicated diverticulitis includes antibiotics to treat the infection and a clear liquid diet while you begin to heal.
A severe attack brings on complicated diverticulitis. Treatment begins with hospitalization using IV antibiotics. If diverticula have abscessed, a tube may be inserted to drain it. Surgery is indicated if there have been multiple severe attacks, the presence of an abscess, or an underlying condition involving a weakened immune system.
Following treatment of an abscess, your doctor may order two procedures, a colonoscopy and an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), to view all aspects of the digestive system and rule out conditions such as colon cancer.